Q1: What will happen to me if I drive after consuming alcohol?
A: If you drive after consuming alcohol, your risk of being involved in a fatal accident increases, and you are liable to the following penalties:
If your blood-alcohol level exceeds the legal limit of 80 mg of alcohol per 100 ml of blood, or if your ability to drive is impaired by alcohol or drugs, you could be prosecuted under the Criminal Code.
Q2: I am 21 years old. Am I subject to the zero alcohol rule?
A: Yes. The zero alcohol rule applies to driver's licence holders age 21 OR younger. The zero alcohol rule also applies to all learner's licence and probationary licence holders, regardless of their age.
Q3: Am I subject to the zero alcohol rule if I drive a heavy vehicle or a motorcycle?
A: Yes. All driver's licence holders age 21 or younger are subject to the zero alcohol rule, regardless of the class of licence they hold or the type of vehicle they drive.
Q4: Why not extend this measure to all drivers?
A: Because young drivers are overrepresented in road accidents and they commit more offences. Drivers age 16 to 24 only represent 10% of driver's licence holders, but they commit 30% of alcohol-related offences and account for 24% of drivers involved in accidents resulting in bodily injury.
In addition, from 2005 to 2009:
Furthermore, it should be noted that all learner's licence or probationary licence holders are already subject to the zero alcohol rule, regardless of their age.
Q5: Since repeat drunk driving offenders are the real threat to road safety, why doesn't the government do anything to stop them?
A: While it is true that repeat offenders represent a significant threat to the safety of road users, most alcohol-impaired related accidents and convictions involve people who commit their first offence. Nevertheless, repeat drunk driving offenders will be subject to stiffer penalties in 2012. A series of measures specifically targeting this group will come into effect on June 30, 2012. For example, they will be prohibited from acquiring, renting or registering a vehicle.