Different designations can be assigned to a vehicle that has been declared a “total loss” in Québec or elsewhere:
This designation generally applies to a vehicle that has been so severely flooded or damaged that rebuilding it is impossible. Such a vehicle cannot be put into operation nor can it ever be put back on the road. Only its parts may be used. When a vehicle has been flooded, certain parts cannot be used.
This designation appears on the vehicle's registration record and certificate following a declaration by the vehicle owner or insurer. This status can also be assigned to an imported vehicle whose record, ownership title or registration certificate indicates that it is unrebuildable.
Under section 188 of the Regulation respecting safety standards for road vehicles, this status must be assigned to damaged vehicles with a monocoque body where the compartment floor or front bulkhead cannot be repaired following a collision, a fire or an immersion.
This status designates a vehicle that has been so severely damaged that it must be rebuilt. The designation appears on the vehicle's registration record and certificate following a declaration by the vehicle owner, insurer or, in the case of a vehicle originating outside Québec, the administrative authority of that jurisdiction. The vehicle must be rebuilt before it can be used on Québec roads.
This status designates a severely damaged vehicle rebuilt in Québec or elsewhere for which a technical compliance certificate and, subsequently, a mechanical inspection certificate have been issued by an SAAQ agent.
Note: The “rebuilt” status can be revoked if the SAAQ, one of its agents or a police officer finds irregularities in the rebuilding record. Even if the vehicle is already in operation, the SAAQ or the police officer could demand that the vehicle owner correct these irregularities. Should the owner refuse, the authorization for road use could be cancelled or the vehicle could be designated as a “severely damaged vehicle” once again..